A brief analysis of the contribution of women to soil science

  1. Montserrat Díaz-Raviña 1
  2. Cristina Caruncho 2
  1. 1 Misión Biológica de Galicia, Santiago de Compostela
  2. 2 Universidade de Vigo
    info

    Universidade de Vigo

    Vigo, España

    ROR https://ror.org/05rdf8595

Revista:
Spanish Journal of Soil Science: SJSS

ISSN: 2253-6574

Ano de publicación: 2022

Volume: 12

Número: 1

Tipo: Artigo

DOI: 10.3389/SJSS.2022.10658 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso aberto editor

Outras publicacións en: Spanish Journal of Soil Science: SJSS

Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible

Resumo

Soil science has traditionally been dominated by men, and women remain a minority in this field today. Despite soil science being more recent than other scientific disciplines, many women have made significant contributions to the field, although these are not generally recognized. Recent studies have shown a lack of gender balance and low levels of diversity and inclusion in soil science in several countries worldwide. Although partial and fragmentary, the information provided by the present study of the involvement of women in soil science research reinforces the idea that science should be looked at from a gender perspective in order to promote real equality between men and women. Science and soil science are both the result of historical and cultural events and social context. Science is not neutral: it is social and gendered and always will be, but we can try to make it more inclusive.

Referencias bibliográficas

  • Agudo, Y. (2003). “Redes Universitarias europeas: el futuro de los estudios de género In,” in Actas de las jornadas Redes Internacionales de Mujeres, Redes Europeas de Excelencia (Madrid: UNED).
  • Aguinaga, J. (2004). El precio de un hijo. Los dilemas de la maternidad en una sociedad desigual. Barcelona, Debate.
  • Brevik, E. C. (2019). Bachelors-level Soil Science Training at Land-Grant Institutions in the United States and its Territories. Nat. Sci. Educ. 48, 180021. doi:10.4195/nse2018.12.0021
  • Camps, V. (2021). Tiempo de cuidados: Otra forma de estar en el mundo. Arpa: Barcelona.
  • Carter, T. L., Jennings, L. L., Pressler, Y., Gallo, A. C., Berhe, A. A., Marin-Spiotta, E., et al. (2021). Towards Diverse Representation and Inclusion in Soil Science in the United States. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 85, 963–974. doi:10.1002/saj2.20210
  • Cordero, P. M., González Maldonado, N., and Rivera Ocasio, Z. (2021). Highlighting Women in the Soil Science. Women in AG Science Team. Available at: https://www.womeninagscience.org/post/highlighting-women-in-the-soil-sciences.
  • CSIC (2021). Informe mujeres investigadoras. Comisión de mujeres y ciencia del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Available at: https://icp.csic.es/es/informe-mujeres-investigadoras-comision-de-mujeres-y-ciencia-del-csic/.
  • Davila Dos Santos, E., Albahari, A., Díaz, S., and De Freitas, E. C. (2022). ‘Science and Technology as Feminine’: Raising Awareness about and Reducing the Gender Gap in STEM Careers. J. Gend. Stud. 31, 505–518. doi:10.1080/09589236.2021.1922272
  • Dawson, L., Brevik, E. C., and Reyes-Sánchez, L. B. (2021). International Gender Equity in Soil Science. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 72, 1929–1939. doi:10.1111/ejss.13118
  • de Vries, F. T. (2017). Soil Science. A Man's World? Available at: https://franciskadevries.wordpress.com/2017/03/01/soilscience-a-mans-world/.
  • de Vries, F. T. (2020). Women in Soil Science. Available at: https://franciskadevries.wordpress.com/women-in-soil-science/Soil science.
  • Feyerabend, P. (2015). Tratado contra el método. Esquema de una teoría anarquista del conocimiento. Madrid: Editorial Tecnos. Versión original de 1975.
  • Fiantis, D., Utami, S. R., Niswati, A., Nurbaity, A., Utami, S. N. H., Taberima, S., et al. (2022). The Increasing Role of Indonesian Women in Soil Science: Current & Future Challenges. Soil Secur. 6, 100050. doi:10.1016/j.soisec.2022.100050
  • Flores, A. (2013). Metodología feminista: ¿una transformación de prácticas científicas?. Tesis Doctoral. Madrid: Universidad Complutense.
  • Fox Keller, E. (1985). Reflections on Gender and Science. YaleYale University Press.
  • Fox, M. F. (1994). “Women and Scientific Careers,” in Handbook of Technology and Science Studies. Editors S. Jasanoff, G. E. Markle, J. C. Peterson, and T. Pinch (Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE), 205–223.
  • Gerasimova, M. (2022). Maria Glazovskaya—A Pioneer Soil Scientist and Geochemist Ahead of Her Time (1912–2016). Span. J. Soil Sci. 12, 1037. doi:10.3389/sjss.202210377
  • González, M., and Pérez Sedeño, E. (2002). Ciencia, tecnología y género En: La Educación de la ciencia y la cultura. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencia. disponible en. Texas: Tecnología, Sociedad e Información, N2. Available at: http.//w.w.w.campus.od.org/revistactsi/numero2/varios2.htm.
  • Guil, A. (2016). Género y construcción científica del conocimiento. Revista Historia de la Educación Latinoamericana 1, n27.
  • Hairiah, K., Fiantis, D., Utami, S. R., Nurbaity, A., Utami, S. N. H., Ginting, F., et al. (2022). Hundred Fifty Years of Soil Security Research in Indonesia: Shifting Topics, Modes of Research and Gender Balance. Soil Secur. 6, 100049. doi:10.1016/j.soisec.2022.100049
  • Hanson, N. (1976). En Lo Que No Creo Y Otros Ensayos, Cuadernos Teorema, 10. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia.
  • Harding, S. (1996). Ciencia Y Feminismo. Madrid: Ediciones Morata.
  • Helms, D. (1992). Women in the Soil Conservation Service. Women Nat. Resour. 14, 88–93. Available at: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/about/history/?cid=nrcs143_021443.
  • Hong, H. Y., and Lin-Siegler, X. (2012). How Learning about Scientists' Struggles Influences Students' Interest and Learning in Physics. J. Educ. Psychol. 104 (2), 469–484. doi:10.1037/a0026224
  • Koziell, S. P. (1999). Two Women of the Soil: A Tribute to Lady Eve Balfour and Rachel Carson. London: Thames and Hudson.
  • Kuhn, T. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Lakatos, I. (1978). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes, Philosophical Papers, 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lal, R., Bouma, J., Brevik, E. C., Dawson, L., Field, D. J., Glaser, B., et al. (2021). Soils and Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations: An International Union of Soil Sciences Perspective. Geoderma Reg. 25, e00398. doi:10.1016/j.geodrs.2021.e00398
  • Levin, M. J. (1998). “Women in Soil Science,” in Anual Conference of the Soil and Water Conservattion Society. Soil survey Centennial, San Diego, California (San Diego, CA: Natural Resource Conservation Science, UDSA), 22–29.
  • Longino, H. (1979). Evidence and Hypothesis: An Analysis of Evidential Relations. Philos. Sci. 46, 35–56. doi:10.1086/288849
  • Maffi, D. (2016). El vínculo crítico entre género y ciencia. Clepsydra 5, 37–57.
  • Markert, L. A. (1996). Gender Related to Success in Science and Technology. J. Technol. Stud. 22 (2), 21–29. Available at: https://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JOTS/Summer-Fall-1996/PDF/5-Markert.pdf.
  • Mclntosh, M. S., and Simmons, S. R. (2008). A Century of Women in Agronomy: Lesson from Diverse Life Histories. Agron. J. 2008, S53–S69.
  • Montanarella, L., and Panagos, P. (2021). The Relevance of Sustainable Soil Management within the European Green Deal. Land Use Policy 100, 104950. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104950
  • NU (2020). Woman in Science. Fact sheet No. 60, June 2020. FS/2020/SCI/60. Paris, France: UNESCO Institute for Statistical. Available at: http://uis.unesco.org/sites/default/files/documents/fs60-women-in-science-2020-en.pdf.
  • Pérez-Tamayo, R. (2009). “Ciencia, conocimiento e indentidad nacional,” in Reencuentro Núm (México: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Xochimilco), 56, 12–16.
  • Prikhod’ko, V. E. (2006). Role of Women in Russian Soil Science. Eurasian Soil Sc. 39, 342–343. doi:10.1134/s106422930603015x
  • Reyes-Sánchez, L. B., and Irazoque, A. (2022). Revaluating Diversity and the History of Women in Soil Science: a Necessary Step for a Real Change. Span. J. Soil Sc. 2, 1041. doi:10.3389/sjss.2022.1041
  • Scott, J. W., and Amelang, J. (1990). “El género: una categoría útil para el análisis histórico,” in Historia y Género: Las mujeres en la Europa moderna y contemporánea. Valencia, Edicions Alfons el Magnánim. Editor M. Y. Nash, Europa.
  • Solsona, N. (1997). Mujeres científicas de todos los tiempos. Madrid: Talasa Ediciones S.L.
  • Sycheva, S. A. (2003). in Woman Soil Science: Bibliographic Reference Book about Rusian and Sovietic Female Investigators of Soil. Editors A. G. V. Dobrovol´skii,, and M. A. Karavaeva (Moscow: NIA-Priroda). (In Russian).
  • Sycheva, S. A. (2006). Women in Russian Soil Science. Eurasian Soil Sc. 39, 225–230. doi:10.1134/s1064229306020141
  • UNESCO (2021a). Just 30 World’s Researchers Are Women. What’s the Situation in Your Country. Available at: https://en.unesco.org/news/just-30-world%E2%80%99s-researchers-are-women-whats-situation-your-country (Accessed on June 25, 2021).
  • UNESCO (2021b). Women in higher education: has the female advantage put an end to gender inequalities? Instituto Internacional de la UNESCO para la Educación en Mamérica Latina y El Caribe. Available at: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000377182.
  • Vaughan, K., Pennino, A., Brevik, E. C., Van Miegroet, H., Pressler, Y., Aserfe Berhe, A., et al. (2019). Women in Soil Science: Growing Participation, Emerging Gaps, and the Opportunities for Advancement in the USA. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 83, 1278–1289. doi:10.2136/sssaj2019.03.0085
  • Winchester, H., Lorenzo, S., Browning, L., and Chesterman, C. (2006). Academic Women’s Promotions in Australian Universities. Empl. Relat. 28 (6), 505–522. doi:10.1108/01425450610704461